Vert d’Estours marble

Extracted in the valley of Estours, a beautiful valley of the Ariège department in France, the Vert d'Estours marble has a fresh spring color. It is used in the decorative arts for the realization of fireplaces, pedestals of statuettes, shelfs of furniture pieces, etc.

Unlike the Campan marble, the Vert d'Estours marble has an ivory-colored background, and fine undulating veins. In the 19th century, it was exported to Belgium, Italy and Japan.

The marble of Estours always supplies the Vert d'Estours, the only marble still to be extracted in Ariège. In the past, these quarries also provided Turquin Blue and Breche Violette.

Rocaille and Rococo

Invented by the decorators Oppenord, Meissonier and Pinault, the Rocaille ornaments are key elements of the Regence style and the Louis XV style. Shells and plants thus invade the decoration, transforming themselves according to the caprices of dreams into abstract and eventful forms.

The Rocaille ornaments are hence the French expression, in the decorative arts, of the late Baroque exuberances throughout Europe. In the nineteenth century, art historians forged a new term from "Baroco" and Rocaille to designate this European aesthetic of the eighteenth century: the Rococo.

Rocaille or Rococo, objects with capricious forms in the taste of the Louis XV style can often be described as both. More precise, however, we will prefer to speak of Rocaille for asymmetrical ornaments, evoking natural forms. These dreamlike forms continued to seduce in the nineteenth century as witnesses the success of François Linke and Leon Messager, to name but a few. Finally, the Art Nouveau also retains the lessons of these turbulent lines.

Alphonse Giroux

Alphonse Giroux is a well-known Parisian brand for toys and precious objects to offer. He is "the prince's merchant", offering a range of luxury products valued by the aristocracy and the upper bourgeoisie. Around 1830, he turned to cabinetmaking, which remained his main business: writing desks, sewing tables, boxes and sewing kits made of precious wood.

Founded in 1799, the shop shines under the Restoration: Louis-Philippe purchases the present he intends to offers to the Duke of Berry’s children, a carriage of gold and crystal, decorated with emeralds and pulled by horses of nacre. At the World’s Fair of 1855, the Empress Eugénie acquires an extraordinary cabinet by Alphonse Giroux, covered with climbing plants in carved linden wood.

Not only known for its luxury furniture and accessories, Alphonse Giroux is interested in optics. He was thus the first manufacturer of kaleidoscopes in 1818 and daguerreotypes in 1839, which he also sold in his Parisian shop.

The World’s Fair of 1855

Napoleon III, admiring the first World's Fair in London, organized the second one in Paris in 1855. He built the Palais de l'Industrie for the occasion as well as ancillary buildings where the products of all nations could be discovered and compared.

England in 1851 had made a great display of the richness of its colonies, and France replied by emphasizing its numerous painters, luxury manufactures, and agricultural products. In the decorative arts, French bronze-makers, cabinet-makers and ceramists are among the best in the world. The furniture of Jeanselme, Tahan, and the skilful Rivart, the goldsmithery of Christofle and Deniere, and the porcelain of Sevres are praised.

The Universal Exposition of 1855 was the first to be held in Paris. It is at this exhibition that the young Mathurin Moreau is revealed to the public with his sculptures of the Fountain of Tourny.